The humerus of the upper arm and the paired radius and ulna of the forearm meet to form the elbow joint, a hinge joint in the upper arm. The bony prominence at the tip of the elbow is the olecranon process of the ulna. The antecubital fossa lies over the anterior aspect of the elbow.
Injuries to the elbow are common and often accompanied by injury to shoulder or wrist joints. It is important to assess injuries promptly and accurately taking into account age and the mechanism of injury, particularly because of the risk of accompanying vascular involvement.
In addition to injuries listed in the table below, see also separate articles forearm injuries and fractures (deals with Monteggia’s fractures), pulled elbow (nursemaid’s elbow), tennis elbow and olecranon bursitis.